Habitual behaviour in the past (Kebiasaan perilaku di masa lalu)
- A. The past simple is used for regular actions or habitual behavior in the past, often with a frequency adverb. ( digunakan untuk tindakan yang biasa atau perilaku kebiasaan di masa lalu, sering dengan kata keterangan frekuensi.)
Example: I hardly ever went away on holiday when I was young.(Saya hampir tidak pernah pergi berlibur ketika aku masih muda).
- B. Used to + infinitive (yang digunakan untuk merujuk kepada kebiasaan masa lalu dan situasi yang tidak lagi terjadi atau ada sekarang.)
Example: We used to have a cat, but he died last year. (Kami dulu punya kucing, tapi dia meninggal tahun lalu)
I always used to walk to work until I bought a car. (Saya selalu dulu berjalan untuk bekerja sampai saya membeli mobil)
Nick used to live in Chicago.
Maria used to work in this company.
I used to play basketball when I was seventeen.
- The negative and question forms:
Example: I didn’t used to like cheese.
Where did you use to live?
NOTE : Used to can not express present habitual behavior:
Example: I usually (not use to) play tennis twice a week.
C. Would + infinitive is used to refer to past habits, but not past situations.
Example: My dad would often read to me when I was a young boy.
Example: I used to (not would) have a bicycle.
Stative verbs such as:
have(possession), be, live, like, believe, think, (=have an opinion) ,understand & know are not used with would to refer to the past.
Be used to / Get used to + noun or gerund
Be used to + noun / gerund means “be accustomed to”.
Example: She’s a nurse so she’s used to seeing sick people.
Get used to + noun / gerund means “become accustomed to”.
Example: I want to live Athens; I can’t get used to the heat.
- S + BE + USED TO +V ing
- Mary is used to living in a cold climate.
- Anne is used to painting her own face.
- S + get / got + used to (accustomed to) + V ing
- Bob moved to Alaska . After a while, he got accustomed/ used to living in cold climate.