Habitual Past

Habitual behaviour in the past (Kebiasaan perilaku di masa lalu)

Habitual Past menyatakan kebiasaan yang dilakukan pada masa lampau.Untuk mengungkapkan habitual past, kita menggunakan  “used to”, “be used to” dan “get/got accustomed to”. Ketiganya memiliki makna yang berbeda . used to berarti dulu, be used to berarti terbiasa, dan get/ got accustomed to berarti menjadi terbiasa, atau dulu tidak bisa sekarang menjadi  terbiasa.

  • A. The past simple is used for regular actions or habitual behavior in the past, often with a frequency adverb. ( digunakan untuk tindakan yang biasa atau perilaku kebiasaan di masa lalu, sering dengan kata keterangan frekuensi.)

 Example: I hardly ever went away on holiday when I was young.(Saya hampir tidak pernah pergi berlibur ketika aku masih muda).

  • B. Used to + infinitive  (yang digunakan untuk merujuk kepada kebiasaan masa lalu dan situasi yang tidak lagi terjadi atau ada sekarang.)

Example: We used to have a cat, but he died last year. (Kami dulu punya kucing, tapi dia meninggal tahun lalu)

I always used to walk to work until I bought a car. (Saya selalu dulu berjalan untuk bekerja sampai saya membeli mobil)

Nick used to live in Chicago.

Maria used to work in this company.

I used to play basketball when I was seventeen.

  • The negative and question forms:

Example: I didn’t used to like cheese.

Where did you use to live?

NOTE : Used to can not express present habitual behavior:

Example: I usually (not use to) play tennis twice a week.

C. Would + infinitive is used to refer to past habits, but not past situations.

  • Habit:

    Example: My dad would often read to me when I was a young boy.

    Situations:

    Example: I used to (not would) have a bicycle.

    • Stative verbs such as:

    have(possession), be, live, like, believe, think, (=have an opinion) ,understand & know are  not   used with would to refer to the past.

    Be used to / Get used to + noun or gerund

    Be used to + noun / gerund means “be accustomed to”.

    Example: She’s a nurse so she’s used to seeing sick people.

    Get used to + noun / gerund means “become accustomed to”.

    Example: I want to live Athens; I can’t get used to the heat.

  • S + BE + USED TO +V ing
Example:
  1. Mary is used to living in a cold climate.
  2. Anne is used to painting her own face.
  • S + get / got + used to (accustomed to) + V ing
  1. Bob moved to Alaska . After a while, he got accustomed/ used to living in cold climate.

written by:

http://english-learners.com/2009/10/habitual-behaviour-in-the-past.html

Posted on Maret 21, 2012, in habitual past, Uncategorized and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink. Tinggalkan komentar.

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