passive voice

PASSIVE VOICE

Pengertian

Kalimat pasif adalah kalimat dimana subjek dikenai pekerjaan / perbuatan, sedangkan kalimat aktif adalah kalimat dimana subjeklah yang melakukan pekerjaan / perbuatan.

Struktur Kalimat Pasif

Kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktif present / waktu sekarang                 

Present

Active

Passive

Simple

S+V1+O S+is/am/are+V3
Radi kicks the ball The ball is kicked by Radi

Continuous

S+is/am/are+Ving S+is/am/are+being+V3
Radi is kicking the ball The ball is being kicked by Radi

Perfect

S+have/has+V3 S+have/has+been+V3
Radi has kicked the ball The ball has been kicked by Radi

Perfect continuous

S+have/has+been+V3 S+have/has+been+being+V3
Radi has been kicking the ball The ball has been being kicked by Radi

Kalimat Pasif dari Kalimat Aktif Past/Lampau

Present

Active

Passive

Simple

S+V2+O S+was/were+V3
Radi kicked the ball The ball was kicked by Radi

Continuous

S+was/were+Ving S+was/were+being+V3
Radi was kicking the ball The ball was being kicked by Radi

Perfect

S+had+V3 S+had+been+V3
Radi had kicked the ball The ball had been kicked by Radi

Perfect continuous

S+had+been+Ving S+had+been+being+V3
Radi had been kicking the ball The ball had been being kicked by Radi

Kalimat pasif dari kalimat aktif future

Present

Active

Passive

Simple

S+will+V1+O S+will+be+V3
Radi will kick the ball The ball will be kicked by Radi

Continuous

S+will+be+Ving S+will+be+being+V3
Radi will be  kicking the ball The ball will be being kicked by Radi

Perfect

S++will+have+V3 S+will+have+been+V3
Radi will have kicked the ball The ball Will have been kicked by Radi

Perfect continuous

S+will+have+been+Ving S+will+have+been+being+V3
Radi will have been kicking the ball The ball will have been being kicked by Radi

Tips mengerjakan soal

Jika ada kata by di soal, the passive form maka pilihlah jawaban :

TO BE+ V3

TO BE (is, am, are, was, were, be, been)

Can     ….   could

May    ….   Might                                     HAS

Must  ….    Had to          V1 (BE)            HAVE                 V3 (BEEN)

Shall   ….    Should                                   HAD

Will    .…    would

Contoh Soal Passive voice

  1. It is said that many people are homeless after floods.
  2. People said that Arthur is very rich.
  3. It is known the prisoner escaped by climbing over the wall.
  4. Somebody accused me of stealing the money.
  5. I didn’t realize that someone was taking my picture.

Pembahasan

  1. Many people are said to be homeless  after  floods.
  2. Arthur is said to be very rich by people.
  3. The prisoner is known to have escaped by climbing over the wall.
  4. I was accused of stealing the money by somebody.
  5.  I didn’t realize that my picture was being taken.

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